Anagenesis and cladogenesis are the two main ways speciation occurs. One involved the slow transition of one species to another. Cladogenesis involved the separation of a species into two or more groups, with each group then becoming its own separate species.
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The building blocks of the universe are particles and waves.
Particles, such as neutrons or atoms, come together to create bigger and more complex structures, like molecules. Put together 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom and you end up with a water molecule. Put many water molecules together and you have a glass of water.
By now it’s no secret that chemicals in our brain play a crucial part in our psychological well being, but how exactly does the whole process work? And why does this aspect of human biology even exist?
Things you can learn from this article include:
- Why we enjoy the feeling of dominating other people.
- How you can create habits.
- The evolutionary reason for boredom.
There are only two things certain in life, death and taxes. While there’s not much you can do about taxes, death seems to be a more manageable affair for pioneering scientists in the field of aging, or senescence.
Ending Aging author Aubrey de Grey is perhaps the most well known scientist in the field of aging, his research and vision has helped bring a largely ignored and underfunded field of biology firmly into the scientific mainstream.
Some of the things one can learn from this book:
- Why we grow old and how we might be able to stop it
- There’s a plausible method to curing cancer for good, but there’s a catch
- Why politics and morality might be the biggest roadblock to aging treatments
If you are like me, you’ve probably been taught that fulfillment in one’s personal life means connecting with someone who you love and loves you back, marrying them and creating a stable and happy family. It seems so simple and natural, something inherently human and common to all of us.
But is it?
Sex at Dawn authors Christopher Ryan and Cacilda Jetha delve into our ancestors love lives and sexual relationships in a time when monogamy didn’t exist yet as a generalized way of life, and through their findings put forward a thought provoking theory in regards to our sex lives and relationships.
What you can learn from this book:
- Why monogamy is unnatural for humans
- Why women moan during sex
- Why men and women have a different path to orgasm